NEA Big Read
When the Emperor Was Divine

When the Emperor Was Divine

by Julie Otsuka

Mostly though, they waited. For the mail. For the news. For the bells. For breakfast and lunch and dinner. For one day to be over and the next day to begin.

Sources and Works Cited

Excerpts from When the Emperor Was Divine by Julie Otsuka. Copyright © 2002 by Julie Otsuka. Used by permission of Knopf. All rights reserved.

Benedict, Ruth. The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1946.

"Crossing the Line Between 'Immigrant' and 'American.'" Room for Debate, New York Times, 15 Nov. 2012.

"Justice Denied." National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

Kawahara, Harry. Interview by Sharon Yamato. "en-denshovh-kharry-01-0005-1." Densho Encyclopedia. 13 Oct. 2012.

Otsuka, Julie. "Conversation with Julie Otsuka." Interview by Kelley Kawano. Bold Type. Random House, n.d.

---. "Julie Otsuka on Her Family's Wartime Internment in Topaz, Utah." Newsweek. 15 Oct. 2012. "Should Racial Profiling Be Accepted as a Law Enforcement Practice?" 23 June 2008.

"Racial Profiling." National Institute of Justice, 10 Jan. 2013.

Saramago, Jose. Blindness. London: Harvill Press, 1997.

Staff, NPR/TED. "What Does Identity Mean For An Immigrant?" NPR. 11 Oct. 2013.

Steinbeck, John. Of Mice and Men. New York: Penguin Books, 1937.

Street Law, Inc. and The Supreme Court Historical Society. "Landmark Cases of the U.S. Supreme Court. Korematsu v. United States." Street Law, Inc. and The Supreme Court Historical Society, n.d.


Writers: Brian Crocco and Margaret Crocco

Graphic Design for PDF files: Fletcher Design/Washington, DC

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