Excerpts from When the Emperor Was Divine by Julie Otsuka. Copyright © 2002 by Julie Otsuka. Used by permission of Knopf. All rights reserved.
Otsuka, Julie. The Buddha in the Attic. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2011.
---. An Interview with Josephine Reed for The Big Read. 6 February 2014.
Shea, Renee H. “The Urgency of Knowing: A Profile of Julie Otsuka.” Poets & Writers September/October 2011. Web.
Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians. Personal Justice Denied. Washington, DC: National Park Service, 1982.
Daniels, Roger. Prisoners Without Trial: Japanese Americans during World War II. New York: Hill and Wang, 2004.
Ng, Wendy. Japanese American Internment during World War II: A History and Reference Guide. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.
Okihiro, Gary Y. Margins and Mainstreams: Asians in American History and Culture. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.
Takaki, Ronald. Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans. Boston: Back Bay Books/Little, Brown and Co., 1998.
Maureen Howard is an award-winning writer, editor, and lecturer whose work has received the National Book Critics Award.
Gary Okihiro is an author, scholar, and a professor of international and public affairs. He is the founding director of the Center for the Study of Ethnicity and Race at Columbia University.
Writers: Brian Crocco and Margaret Crocco