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The Grapes of Wrath

The Grapes of Wrath

by John Steinbeck

Literature is as old as speech. It grew out of human need for it, and it has not changed except to become more needed.

Works Cited

Excerpts from The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck, © 1939, 1967 by John Steinbeck. Used by permission of Viking Penguin, a division of Penguin Group (USA) Inc.

Emblidge, David, ed. My Day: The Best of Eleanor Roosevelt's Acclaimed Newspaper Columns, 1936-1962. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2001.

Works Consulted

Schultz, Jeffrey, and Luchen Li. Critical Companion to John Steinbeck. New York: Checkmark Books, 2005.

Shillinglaw, Susan, with photographs by Nancy Burnett. A Journey into Steinbeck's California. Berkeley: Roaring Forties Press, 2006.

Steinbeck, John. Working Days: The Journals of "The Grapes of Wrath," 1938-41. Ed. Robert DeMott. New York: The Viking Press, 1989.


Writers: David Kipen with Erika Koss and Veronique de Turenne

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